Rothschild & Sons
A story of a family who defied the odds and changed history.
Show Essentials

Full Synopsis

After a brief "Prelude," the lights come on Prince Metternich, the five Rothschild sons, and their mother, Gutele Rothschild. We are in Frankfurt in 1818. Prince Metternich has apparently suffered a defeat and has come to make terms with the Rothschilds. But he warns them that their newfound power will not change the world for the better; it will only change them. Gutele assures him that her sons will not change. They have the past to remind them of who they are and what they stand for.

The scene shifts to the entrance to the Frankfurt ghetto in 1772. We hear the Town Crier proclaiming that "the ghetto is closing" ("Town Crier's Chant 1"). Mayer Rothschild, returning from Hanover, hurries in. Before he can enter the ghetto, he is humiliated by several teenagers. When they chant: "Jew, Do Your Duty," he knows that he must remove his hate and bow, which he does. Before he can enter the ghetto, he is further humiliated: he finds that he must bribe the ghetto guard to let him into the ghetto.

Mayer enters his shop where his fiancée, Gutele, waits for him. She expects that they will return to Hanover where they will marry. To her dismay, Mayer tells that he has come back to live and work in Frankfurt. She is upset because in Frankfurt only a few Jews are allowed to marry every year, so there is no telling when they can be married. Mayer tells her that he can make a better living in Frankfurt. She assures him that she needs very little to content ("One Room").

Not only does Mayer intend to work in his shop; he also intends to sell rare coins at the Frankfurt Fair. As he sings "He Tossed a Coin," the scene shifts to the Frankfurt Fair. One of his customers is Princes William of Hesse. By giving Prince William the gift of a rare coin, Mayer ingratiates himself with the Prince, who gives him permission to marry. The Prince's secretary, Budurus, gives Mayer the marriage grant.

Mayer realizes that Budurus could help him gain entry to William's Court, with the possibility of doing business there. Budurus sees that his relationship with Mayer might be mutually beneficial but warns Mayer of how he can expect to be treated at Court ("Pleasure and Privilege").

Mayer needs allies in his struggle to succeed in a hard world, where his humble origins and despised religion are a detriment to any success. He knows that the most trustworthy allies he can have would be his sons.

We witness his fives sons - Amshel, Salomon, Nathan, Jacob, and Kalmann - being born ("Sons"). When the boys reach their adolescence they begin work in the family shop. As has happened before, a drunken mob invades the ghetto, and the family is forced to hide in the cellar. A troubled Mayer ponders how to stop the humiliation and danger that his family is forced to endure. "What's to be Done?" he asks himself, and determines that only great wealth can protect them from the hatred and violence of the outside world. After the mob has wrecked the shop and the boys - now then years older - survey the damage, Gutele tries to comfort them. "We have enough," she assures them. But they demand all the freedom "other men aspire to." ("Everything")

Mayer's sons study banking, hoping for some opportunity that will put them on the road to success. The opportunity arises when Prince William's uncle, the King of Denmark, needs money. William is eager to loan it to him; but as he comments, "Loans to relatives have a way of degenerating into gifts." Consequently, he wants his loan to be handled by bankers who seem to have no connection with him. Budurus presents Rothschild and his sons to the Prince as the appropriate bankers. At first, William refuses to deal with "Jewish peddlers" but the Rothschilds' intelligence and audacity win him over. The Rothschilds celebrate ("Rothschild and Sons").

On their return from Denmark, they find that Napoleon has invaded Hesse and Prince William has fled. Budurus wants Mayer to hide William's account books in his cellar. Instead, Mayer chooses to send his sons around Europe to collect William's debts ("The Sons Depart"). Gutele is heartsick as her sons leave, knowing that they must travel through wartorn Europe. After her sons have left, she looks at a map of Europe and, in her anguish, sings "Just a Map."

Nathan Rothschild arrives in "This Amazing London Town" and promptly makes an unwise investment. To prevent this from happening again, Mayer and his other sons organize a courier service to relay information to one another. By using the information he receives, Nathan is able to redeem himself and become the envy of the other banker-brokers. The Rothschild family has become so wealthy that the Lord Herries, the Chancellor of the Exchequer, asks Nathan to loan the British government money so they can prosecute the war against Napoleon. Although Mayer thinks that such a loan would be both imprudent and dangerous, Nathan wants to make it. This leads to an argument so bitter ("He Never Listens") that Mayer seriously considers banishing Nathan from the Rothschild family. Gutele persuades Mayer otherwise ("Sons (Reprise)"). Mayer then consults all his sons and they agree that family should make the loan on condition that Prince Metternich, head of the allied restrictions on the Jewish people in their lands. Metternich agrees. Hearing this news, Mayer is deeply moved ("In My Own Lifetime").

At the Congress at Aix-la-Chapelle, Prince Metternich celebrates the defeat of Napoleon and the return of the status quo ("Stability"). Mayer and Nathan attend the Congress to obtain the Declaration of Rights for European Jews. They are shocked to learn that Metternich and his allies have no intention of honoring their agreement. Mayer returns to Frankfurt desolate and feeling that he has failed. Aware that he is dying, he summons his sons.

After Mayer's funeral, Gutele and her sons gather in Frankfurt. Nathan has learned that Metternich and his allies plan to release a new bond issue at a price that will undercut the price of the bond the Rothschilds have issues. In Nathan's words: "We helped them win the war. Now they intend to destroy us." Nathan urges his brothers to fight back by lowering the price of their own bonds. His brothers regard this as suicidal. But when they ask Gutele what she wants, she concurs with Nathan. To defeat Metternich, she is willing to risk the entire Rothschild fortune ("Everything (Reprise)").

The final scene is a return to the very beginning. The Rothschilds have defeated Metternich and obtained the Declaration of Rights for European Jews. But they know that life will continue to be difficult in a world that is never free of prejudice and the scapegoating of minorities. They are joined by Mayer Rothschild, whose spirit is still very much alive to them ("In My Own Lifetime (Finale)").

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Cast Size: Small (Up to 10 performers)
Cast Type: Ensemble Cast

Character Breakdown

Actor 1

Plays role of Mayer Rothschild

Gender: male
Vocal range top: E4
Vocal range bottom: Ab2
Actor 2

Plays the roles of Prince Metternich, Prince William, Lord Herries

Gender: male
Vocal range top: Eb4
Vocal range bottom: C3
Actor 3

Plays the roles of Town Cryer, Budurus, British Banker (Sceptic)

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: Eb3
Actor 4

Plays the roles of Prince's Banker, Amshel, British Banker

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: Eb3
Actor 5

Plays the roles of Soldier, Princes' Banker, Salomon, British Banker

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: Eb3
Actor 6

Plays the roles of Urchin, Nathan

Gender: male
Vocal range top: E4
Vocal range bottom: A2
Actor 7

Plays the roles of Urchin, Jacob, British Banker

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: C3
Actor 8

Urchin, Kalmann, British Banker

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: Eb3
Actor 9

Plays the roles of Guard At The Gate, Man At Fair, Pauper, British Banker, Royalty, Aide

Gender: male
Vocal range top: F4
Vocal range bottom: Eb3
Actress 1

Plays the role of Gutele

Gender: female
Vocal range top: Eb5
Vocal range bottom: G3
Actress 2

Plays the roles of Woman On Line At Gate, Woman At Fair, Royalty

Gender: female
Full Song List
Rothschild & Sons : Prelude
Rothschild & Sons : Town Crier's Chant 1
Rothschild & Sons : Jew Do Your Duty
Rothschild & Sons : Town Crier's Chant 2
Rothschild & Sons : One Room
Rothschild & Sons : He Tossed a Coin
Rothschild & Sons : Pleasure and Privilege
Rothschild & Sons : Sons
Rothschild & Sons : What's To Be Done
Rothschild & Sons : Town Crier's Chant 3
Rothschild & Sons : Everything
Rothschild & Sons : Rothschild And Sons
Rothschild & Sons : The Sons Depart
Rothschild & Sons : Just a Map
Rothschild & Sons : This Amazing London Town
Rothschild & Sons : He Never Listens
Rothschild & Sons : Sons (Reprise)
Rothschild & Sons : In My Own Lifetime
Rothschild & Sons : Stability
Rothschild & Sons : In My Own Lifetime (Reprise)
Rothschild & Sons : Town Crier's Chant 4
Rothschild & Sons : Everything (Reprise)
Rothschild & Sons : Town Crier's Chant 5
Rothschild & Sons : In My Own Lifetime (Finale)

Show History


Rothschild & Sons has a book by Sherman Yellen (Oh! Calcutta!) and music and lyrics from the dynamite team of Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick ( Fiddler on the Roof, Fiorello!, She Loves Me).  It is based on the novel "The Rothschilds" by Frederic Morton.  The story is a dramatized depiction of the life story of the Rothschilds family, from patriarch Mayer's humble beginnings in Germany to the family fortune eventually amassed, due to Mayer's sons' successful efforts in securing a declaration of rights for European Jews.


Rothschild & Sons opened Off-Broadway at the York Theatre Company on October 18, 2015. Directed by Jeffrey B. Moss and choreographed by Denis Jones, the production starred Robert Cuccioli as Mayer Rothschild and Glory Crampton as Gutele. It ran until November 8, 2015. The production re-mounted at the Park Theatre in London, running January 24 - February 17, 2018.

Rothschild & Sons is based on The Rothschilds, a 2-act musical by the same authors. On October 19, 1970, The Rothschilds opened on Broadway at the Lunt-Fontanne Theatre, directed and choreographed by Michael Kidd (Seven Brides for Seven Brothers).  After closing, the musical enjoyed a second run in San Francisco.  On February 10, 1990, an Off-Broadway revival, directed by Lonny Price, opened at the American Jewish Theatre.  It ran for 435 performances.

Cultural Influence

  • The Rothschilds is the final musical collaboration between composer Jerry Bock and composer Sheldon Harnick.


  • Rothschild & Sons was nominated for the Off-Broadway Alliance Award for Best Musical Revival.
  • The Broadway production of The Rothschilds was nominated for nine Tony Awards in 1971, including Best Musical, Best Book of a Musical, Best Original Score, Best Direction of a Musical, Best Choreography and Best Lyrics.

Critical Reaction


"Thrilling! Rousing!"
New York Times

"For musical theater lovers, this makes for a must-have ticket."

- New York Times

"An engrossing and affecting tale!"

Musical Theatre Review



Concept and Adaptation suggested by Jeffrey B. Moss (Director) and Arnold Mittelman (Producer)

Based on "The Rothschilds" by Frederic Morton


Under the terms and conditions of your organisation’s Performance Agreement, the following credits must appear on all advertising (including websites) relating to the production. Credits must be reproduced faithfully in accordance with the following layout. No alterations or deletions can be permitted unless stated below.
Percentages listed indicate required type size in relation to title size.


Music by
Lyrics by
Book by
Concept and Adaptation suggested by Jeffrey B. Moss (Director) &
Arnold Mittelman (Producer)
Based on "The Rothschilds" by Frederic Morton
You agree to bill the following in all programs (on the title page):
Initial Off-Broadway Production presented by the York Theatre Company, James Morgan, Producing Artistic Director in Association with Arnold Mittelman and National Jewish Theater Foundation
You agree to bill the following in all programs for your production of the Play (need not be on title page):
Rothschild & Sons was developed with the encouragement and counsel of Richard M. Ticktin”
In advertisements of 1/4 page size or less or where only the title of the play, performance dates and venue are provided, the following "shortened billing" is permissible:

Video Warning

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